A bunion is excess bone growth, which causes a bump along the outside edge at the base of the large toe. There can be puffiness, redness or pain alongside the joint of the big toe. Ongoing pain and limited mobility of the large toe can be a cause to seek the advise of a doctor.
Each bunion is unique. Bunions can vary based on the individual’s joint positioning, bone make-up, muscles, tendons and any irregularities in ligaments. Therefore, removing a bunion will require different surgical methods based on the person.
Bunions do not go away on their own. The only way to remove a bunion permanently is through surgery. The process starts by cutting tissue that is swollen and extracting the excess bone. Additionally, the surgeon may be required to either constrict or disconnect muscles, tendons and ligaments located near the MTP (metatarsophalangeal)joint. Or, an osteotomy may be necessary, by realigning the bone, muscles, tendons and ligaments through cutting and moving their positions. Surgical screws, wires or plates may be required to safeguard the joint surfaces during the recovery period. In a worst case, an artificial implant may be required after rebuilding an injured joint.
The surgery itself takes place in a hospital or outpatient facility by means of a local anesthetic. After about an hour or so the procedure is complete. After resting in recovery for an hour or two, you will be released to go home. It is required to have someone take you home after surgery. Instructions for home care will be provided by the facility.